Located in the Black Hills of South Dakota, Mount Rushmore is among the oldest — and most recognizable — U.S. monuments.
How It Was Made
- The memorial depicts four American presidents: George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Theodore Roosevelt and Abraham Lincoln. They represent the first 150 years of American history.
- Construction began Oct. 4, 1927.
- It took more than 14 years to create the monument.
- More than 400 master carvers worked on Mount Rushmore.
- It cost about $1 million to construct.
- Each face is roughly 60 feet tall. That’s the size of a six-story building.
- Originally, each president was to be depicted from head to waist. A lack of funding during the Great Depression forced sculptors to reimagine the massive sculpture.
The four Rushmore presidents weren’t chosen at random.
- George Washington represents our nation’s birth.
- Thomas Jefferson represents U.S. growth.
- Abraham Lincoln represents America’s preservation.
- Theodore Roosevelt represents our country’s development.
Hall of Records
A cave called the Hall of Records is hidden behind Mount Rushmore. It contains a vault of porcelain panels inscribed with text from the Declaration of Independence, the Constitution and the Bill of Rights.