Well, we’re here to clear it up, thanks to the handy chart below.
Here’s the summary:
Asteroid: A small, rocky body that orbits the Sun
Comet: A relatively small object whose ices can vaporize in sunlight, forming a tail of dust and/or gas.
Meteoroid: A small particle from a comet or asteroid orbiting the Sun.
Meteor: The light phenomena which results when a meteoroid enters the Earth’s atmosphere and vaporizes. Also called a shooting star.
Meteorite: A meteoroid that survives its passage through the Earth’s atmosphere and lands upon Earth’s surface.